How Many Is Too Many?

How Many Is Too Many? From The Stony Streets Of Boston To The Rail Lines Of California, From General Relativity To Google, One Of The Surest Truths Of Our History Is The Fact That America Has Been Built By Immigrants The Phrase Itself Has Become A Steadfast Campaign Line, A Motto Of Optimism And Good Will, And Indeed It Is The Rallying Cry For Progressives Today Who Fight Against Tightening Our Borders This Is All Well And Good, Philip Cafaro Thinks, For The America Of The Past Teeming With Resources, Opportunities, And Wide Open Spaces But America Isn T As Young As It Used To Be, And The Fact Of The Matter Is We Can T Afford To Take In Millions Of People Any We Ve All Heard This Argument Before, And One Might Think Cafaro Is Toeing The Conservative Line, But Here S The Thing He S Not Conservative, Not By A Long Shot He S As Progressive As They Come, And It S Progressives At Whom He Aims With This Book S Startling Message Massive Immigration Simply Isn T Consistent With Progressive Ideals Cafaro Roots His Argument In Human Rights, Equality, Economic Security, And Environmental Sustainability Hallmark Progressive Values He Shows Us The Undeniable Realities Of Mass Migration To Which We Have Turned A Blind Eye How Flooded Labor Markets In Sectors Such As Meatpacking And Construction Have Driven Down Workers Wages And Driven Up Inequality How Excessive Immigration Has Fostered Unsafe Working Conditions And Political Disempowerment How It Has Stalled Our Economic Maturity By Keeping Us Ever Focused On Increasing Consumption And Growth And How It Has Caused Our Cities And Suburbs To Sprawl Far And Wide, Destroying Natural Habitats, Driving Other Species From The Landscape, And Cutting Us Off From Nature In Response To These Hard Hitting Truths, Cafaro Lays Out A Comprehensive Plan For Immigration Reform That Is Squarely In Line With Progressive Political Goals He Suggests That We Shift Enforcement Efforts Away From Border Control And Toward The Employers Who Knowingly Hire Illegal Workers He Proposes Aid And Foreign Policies That Will Help People Create Better Lives Where They Are And Indeed He Supports Amnesty For Those Who Have, At Tremendous Risk, Already Built Their Lives Here Above All, Cafaro Attacks Our Obsession With Endless Material Growth, Offering In Its Place A Mature Vision Of America, Not Brimming But Balanced, Where All The Different People Who Constitute This Great Nation Of Immigrants Can Live Sustainably And Well, Sheltered By A Prudence Currently In Short Supply In American Politics I happened across a description of How Many Is Too Many The Progressive Argument for Reducing Immigration into the United States and couldn t resist reading The topic of immigration is definitely controversial, no matter one s political persuasion However, due to feeling as if it s an extremely important topic, I was very interested in seeing what the author had to say I know that many people have a predetermined view of immigration and nothing will possibly change their view, but I think this should be required reading for all in the United States if interested in the continued growth of the country, and who care at all about quality of life from many different standpoints, including an environmental standpoint, a conservationist standpoint, and and economical standpoint among others I believe that Philip Cafaro makes a very convincing case regarding a reduction in overall immigration legal as well as illegal , supported by much research He statesExcessive immigration is currently the main driver of US population growth and a chief cause of sprawl, excessive resource use, stagnating wages, high unemployment, and growing economic inequality For these reasons, progressives committed to sustainability and economic justice should support reducing immigration into the United StatesFurther,Continued American population growth is incompatible with sustainability, nationally or globallyHe goes on to make a compelling argument for reducing immigration, addressing the facts as well as moral ethical arguments I liked that Cafaro did not simply list all the negatives of immigration, but mentioned positives as well, and then went even further by making actual suggestions for changes that could be implemented in US immigration policy.Some random musings related to passages in the book 1 I don t think this is news, but thought I d throw it in the US takes in significantlyimmigrants than any other country in the world.2 At CURRENT levels of immigration, the population will increase to 444 million people by 2063 As of 2014, the population was almost 318 million However, recent reform legislation, which passed the Senate in 2013 not sure where it stands today would increase immigration to about 2.25 million immigrants per year In that case, the US population would be projected to increase to 513 million people by 2063 3 Did you realize that current US immigration policy allows approx ONE MILLION people per year to legally come into the country under various quota systems programs 4 The approx one million per year includes hundreds of thousands who legally entered on work related visas from 2008 2010 as well, during the most severe economic downturn since the Great Depression Nice that our politicians didn t think it was necessary to even temporarily reduce immigration levels, while so many already in the US lost jobs and struggled to find another, filed for bankruptcy, lost their homes, etc.5 Since the late 90s, various environmental groups have refused to take any stance at all on immigration issues, and in fact, the group Zero Population Growth dropped most of its work on US population issues and altered its stated goal from stopping to slowing world population growth ZPG also went so far as to change its name to Population Connection, or PC for short 6 The reason for a lack of stance by environmental groups was summed up in 1998 by then director of the Sierra Club, Carl Pope, ashe used to agreethat immigration should be cut for environmental reasons But he changed his mind because he didn t believe it possible to conduct a public discussion about immigration cuts without stirring up racial passionsI find it deplorable that organizations feel that it s impossible to hold vitally important discussions on issues that have such an effect on society as a whole due to certain people managing to shut it down by claiming that it s racist So basically, believing that excessive population growth primarily related to immigration, as US birth rates have plummeted in the last few decades has a detrimental effect on humans, animals wildlife, the environment, etc., is racist I find it very condescending for those who make such claims to apparently presume that anyone opposed to increased immigration has to be racist because of course, their opposition MUST be related to the fact that the immigrants are likely a different color culture than their own Really Of course some people may be opposed to immigration for those reasons, however, there is a plethora of other reasons that have nothing to do with that.Anyway, the above are just some major areas that resonated with me I ll get off my soap box now I think this is a well researched book which raises many issues that are concerning As I stated before, regardless of whether you are liberal or conservative and what your current views on immigration are, I would definitely recommend reading this book. I found it a bit odd at how low of a rating this book has on here Philip Cafaro presents a well reasoned and informed argument against the unsustainable rates and polices the United States has had There s no getting around that simple fact You might disagree, but the case is very strong and rather undeniable Balancing the problem of climate change and population growth in relation to immigration both legal and illegal is the strongest point of this entire book You simply can not be for working to combat climate change and not also be against lowering the worlds population growth Simply allowing everyone to come here at the expense of native born here does nothing but hurt everyone in the long run Working to help build up the countries that so many want to leave should be our goal It s in our best interests and it s in theirs Not everyone can fit in this country Current immigration levels are the highest in U.S history, and undermine attempts to achieve progressive economic, environmental, and social goals For example, insurance, workman s compensation, and taxes add about 40% to the cost of legally employed workers in addition, immigrants are willing to can work for less eg some immigrant construction workers sleep in the houses they construct Thus, it is estimated that illegal workers in Northern Colorado now comprise 50 70% of construction workers, and half in Texas Ergo, well intention stimulus actions probably doto stimulate Mexico s economy via remittances, and encourageillegals in America than they benefit Americans A 10% immigration induced increase in the supply of workers in a particular skill group reduced the black wage of that group by 2.5%, lowered the employment rate by 5.9 percentage points, and increased the incarceration rate by 1.3 percentage points Harvard s Borjas, et al U.S meatpacking wages have gone from 23.60 hour in 1975, with good benefits, to 13.30 today, with every limited benefits.In 1999,than 25% of America s nearly 150,000 meatpacking workers suffered a job related injury or illness the industry not only has the highest injury rate, but by the far the highest rate of serious injury rate mover than 5X the national average, measured in lost workdays The actual number is likely higher as the industry has a documented history of discouraging injury reports and putting injured workers back on the job quickly to minimize reporting of lost workdays Thirty years ago, meatpacking was on of the highest paid industrial jobs, with one of the lowest turnover rates Then, starting in the early 1960s, Iowa Beef Packers IBP began opening plants in rural areas far from union strongholds, recruiting immigrants from Mexico, increasing line speeds, reducing staffing, and eliminating the skilled butcher classification of labor Today, meatpacking is one of the nation s lowest paid industrial jobs, with one of the highest turnover rates Storm Lake and Postville, IA, Greeley, CO, Austin MN have all had their American workforce replaced by non union immigrants between 1983 and 1986, when there were 158 work stoppages involving 40,000 workers, followed by widespread plant closings and de unionization.Limits are necessary We re now averaging about 1.3 million immigrants year with slightly over one million of entering legally The latter claim doesn t square with other credible sources claiming that we have about 12 million illegals now within the U.S Continuing at that level, our population would hit 560 million by 2100 320 million now , and continue to climb after that point according to Census Bureau estimates The comprehensive immigration reform bill passed by the Senate in 2013 would allow the influx to increase to 2 million year putting us at 629 million by 2100, with rapid growth continuing For zero net immigration, the model predicts population increases for about the next 40 years, then decreasing and stabilizing at 343 million Finally, we could stop population growth entirely by returning to pre 1965 immigration levels.A good rule of thumb is that for every half million immigrants admitted annually, our population at the end of the century would increase by 72 million Cafaro contends that the economic costs of mass immigration stagnating falling real wages, high unemployment, growing income inequality, unsafe working conditions fall disproportionately on those least able to afford such the immigrants themselves, along with poor Americans.He suggests we shift enforcement efforts away from border control and towards employers especially those who knowingly hire illegal workers He also suggests we stop pursuing economic growth for growth s sake growth in national GDP increasingly fails to translate to growth in real income capita. Full of what should be obvious factoids, implications, and ethical considerations for the immigration andimportantly, population debate Plenty of examples showcasing our societies devolution into hypocrisy and emotivism over integrity and goal based, reasoned argumentation 5 stars not because it contains any groundbreaking information it is all readily available and quite obvious, although perhaps often intentionally ignored covered up in the public sphere but because it will force many progressives to confront their cognitive dissonance when it comes to things as varied as inequality, race relations, personal responsibility, morality, and environmental issues.

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❮Reading❯ ➿ How Many Is Too Many?  Author Philip Cafaro –
  • Hardcover
  • 336 pages
  • How Many Is Too Many?
  • Philip Cafaro
  • 02 February 2019
  • 9780226190655

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