The Life and Strange Surprizing Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, Of York, Mariner: Who lived Eight and Twenty Years, all alone in an un-inhabited Island on the Coast of America, near the Mouth of the Great River of Oroonoque; Having been cast on Shore by Sh

The Life and Strange Surprizing Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, Of York, Mariner: Who lived Eight and Twenty Years, all alone in an un-inhabited Island on the Coast of America, near the Mouth of the Great River of Oroonoque; Having been cast on Shore by ShAround the year 1704, Alexander Selkirk, a 28 years old Scottish privateer was marooned, at his request, on a desert island off the coast of Chile He managed to survive there for about five years until he was rescued and brought back to England The young man died a few years later on a voyage to Africa, but his story as a castaway became a legend At the time of Selkirk s death, Daniel Defoe, an English businessman and journalist, had just published a book inspired by his adventure, taking some liberties, particularly with the setting and timing Robinson s ship runs aground off the coasts of Brazil, and he survives there for some thirty years, no less Supposedly, Robinson Crusoe is one of the first modern novels written in English To be sure, this book soon became a significant landmark in English literature, translated into almost as many languages as the Harry Potter series It s also considered a classic adventure tale for young readers a claim that isn t completely clear to me, given the archaisms and relative difficulty of the text itself.The story is told in the form of a journal, but with considerable after the fact knowledge of the events and with many tangents along the way The first few the Salee pirates and last few chapters the crossing of the Pyrenees are a bit off topic I was especially struck by the sheer amount of religious considerations, to the point that this book most strongly reminded me of Saint Augustine s Confessions in Robinson, as in Augustine s book, a mature gentleman recalls his youthful mistakes and, as a new prodigal son, expresses his gratitude toward God for eventually redeeming him.In the meantime, of course, we are instructed in all the uneventful particulars of the protagonist s existence on the island how he managed to build himself a shelter, how he learned to grow crop and make his bread, how he used his gun for hunting and later implemented livestock farming around his castle In short, how, through intelligence and industry, 18th century Europeans could truly become comme ma tres et possesseurs de la nature. Descartes, Discourse on Method When Robinson finally meets Friday, the noble savage, he also realises that, although casual cannibals are an abomination before the Lord, a man in the state of nature is genuinely good and has an innate intuition of Christian theology In that sense, Defoe s book is a harbinger of 18th and 19th century Western imperialism, and truly epitomises the optimistic views of the Enlightenment Edit In hindsight, there are three particularly memorable moments in Robinson s adventure that come back to mind and are, each time, a bewildering epiphany to the protagonist and to the reader the discovery of the corn sprouts rescued from the shipwreck, which will allow the hero to survive the finding of the first human footprint on the sand, after many years of solitude the sickening revelation of the mass grave, just after the landing of the cannibals, which leads to the adventurous epilogue of the novel.If Robinson is at the same time a new Adam, a new Ulysses, a new Sindbad or even a modern Prospero, it is practically impossible to make a list of all the later works that were directly or indirectly influenced by Dafoe s novel Jonathan Swift s Gulliver s Travels, Edgar Poe s Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym, Herman Melville s Moby Dick, L Frank Baum s Wonderful Wizard of Oz, Robert Stevenson s Treasure Island, Jules Verne s Mysterious Island, H G Wells Island of Dr Moreau, Michel Tournier s Friday, or, The Other Island, J M G Le Cl zio s Le chercheur d or, Jon Krakauer s Into the Wild, Cormac McCarthy s The Road, Andy Weir s The Martian, RKO s King Kong, Tom Hanks Cast Away, J J Abrams Lost, just to name a few Indeed, Robinson, on his own, has been fruitful and has multiplied August 1651Dear Diary,Woo hoo Run away to sea at last Mum and Dad didn t want me to go but honestly, what s the worst that can happen So far I m loving life on the ocean wave and have only been a little bit sea sick Anyway it s Bye bye Hull, hello Honolulu Yours, RobinsonJanuary 1653Dear Diary,Sorry it s been so long There was a minor incident with a shipwreck and just when I d managed to find passage on another boat some pirates turned up and I ended up as a slave I had to do loads of work for this Moorish guy and while it was all nice and exotic, it s not nice being stripped of all your civil liberties Anyway I ve just escaped with my buddy Xury and we re heading out to sea in order to see if we can flag down a bigger boat, er sorry, ship.Yours, RobinsonMarch 1654Dear Diary,Just arrived in Brazil wowee it is hot here Much hotter than hull at any rate I m redder than a snapper on stick and am having a bit of trouble finding my feet There s some sort of carnival on and I ve seen a big hill which would like nice with a big statue of Jesus on it I ve met some nice blokes on the boat and they said they d help me make my fortune Someone is predicting that Brazil nuts will be the next big thing come Christmas next year so maybe I ll give that a go.Yours, RobinsonJune 1660Dear Diary,Well it s been a while and a lot has happened I got myself all set up with a nice plantation and enjoyed the good life for a while here but I miss the salty tang of the sea air, the creak of the sails and the gentle rocking of the boat so I ve decided to sink my money into slavery and am going to put to sea as soon as I can I ve realised I m not one for a landlubbers life.Yours, RobinsonNovember 1661Dear Diary,Well I am literally scuppered My slaving venture didn t go too well Guess I should have thought about my own time as a slave with that Moorish guy before I set out in order to profit from other peoples misery but hey, everyone else is doing it and even Bristol are getting in on the trade now by all accounts Anyway that s all by the by now We headed for Africa but a devil of storm came and dragged the ship and all the men on down to Davy Jones I think I m the only survivor and the sea has spit me up on this miserable sliver of land with only the clothes on my back A couple of animals survived too I ve called the dog Defoe and the cats are called Swift and Behn For now I just pet them but if I can t find any food then Defoe is going to make a tidy stir fry Am off to set up camp now so will write upon my return.Yours, RobinsonJanuary 1662Dear Diary,I ve settled in and created a quite minimalist base camp It s taken a lot of ingenuity to make all the things I need Wreckage from the ship and flotsam and jetsam have washed ashore and provided me with some raw materials like sails and timber, bits of rope and metal It s not exactly the Radisson Blue but I m quite proud of my little house The cats and rats are multiplying quite ridiculously I shudder to think what it s doing to the ecosystem I kill and eat the goats and birds but they re getting wise to my tricks now I ve kept one of the birds as a pet and called him bird brian I m having to go further and further afield for food the other month I fell into a ravine and broke a limb I thought for certain I was a goner but the lord has been kind to me since I arrived here I m not normally one for solitude but the peace and quiet has been educational I suppose I ve become a bit introspective but I don t have much time to mope as staying alive takes up most of my days.Yours, RobinsonAugust 1665Dear Diary,Visitors Wish I d baked something Turns out they re cannibals though so I guess nice scones and a cup of honest to goodness tea bark probably is not their thing Was tempted to smite them for being heathenish devils but I m looking pretty heathenish myself these days and beggars can t be choosers over company at a time like this One of them chose to stay behind Can t understand a bloody thing about him and he s not one for chatter I ve called him Friday and he s put up no objections so far Am looking forward to spending some time with my new friendYours, RobinsonMarch 1672Dear Diary,Seven years since I last wrote well you could have knocked me over with a parrots feather when I realised Friday and I have become firm friends Still not a lot of chatter but then a man is glad of companionship without all the additional twittering He s got a bit of a grip on my lingo now though and has shown an interest in the ways of our Lord I told him about my big statue idea He laughed Yours, RobinsonApril 1685Dear Diary,Recently some other cannibals came to the island They were planning to hot pot someone but we soon put pay that idea There was a bit of a to do and now we have two newly saved captives on our hands The island is starting to feel quite crowded One of them is a Spaniard who says his country men are near by and could save us, the other bloke was none other than my man Friday s father The two of them are off back to the mainland to rustle up a rescue party I keep thinking about bacon butties.Yours, RobinsonDecember 1686Dear Diary,Today was my last day on the island Felt a bit sad to say bye bye I ve grown fond of all its nooks and crannies now, and though admittedly, I would give my eye teeth for a bacon sandwich and a nice cup of tea I suspect that never again shall I experience the resplendent solitude which I experienced on the island Don t know if I ll ever get used to sleeping in a bed and not a hammock either I m thinking of writing about my experiences though Wonder if this is the sort of thing that people would like to know about Friday has agreed to come with me which is nice but I m not sure what he ll think of Hull, after all it s no paradise island.Yours, Robinson Reading Robinson Crusoe is like reading a grocery list scribbled in the margins of a postcard from Fiji Weather s fine Wish you could be here Need fruit, veg, meat I understand it s an early novel and should be respected as a pioneer of the craft, but dang it, this is the most boring pioneer ever 987 Robinson Crusoe The Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, Daniel DefoeRobinson Crusoe is a novel by Daniel Defoe, first published on 25 April 1719 The first edition credited the work s protagonist Robinson Crusoe as its author, leading many readers to believe he was a real person, and the book a travelogue of true incidents Epistolary, confessional, and didactic in form, the book is presented as an autobiography of the title character whose birth name was Robinson Kreutznaer a castaway who spends twenty eight years, on a remote tropical desert island near Trinidad, encountering cannibals, captives, and mutineers, before ultimately being rescued The story has since been thought to be based on the life of Alexander Selkirk, a Scottish castaway, who lived for four years on a Pacific island called M s a Tierra , now part of Chile, which was renamed Robinson Crusoe Island, in 1966 1972 1343 404 33 sni 19 1719 1704 The Further Adventures Of Robinson Crusoe. It is hard to estimate the literary and cultural impact of Robinson Crusoe First published in 1719, this is certainly the benchmark upon which most all castaway stories have been judged since Though I had to consider that Shakespeare s The Tempest was published in 1610 No magicians or witches here, and no Calaban lurking in the shadows, this is all about everyman Robin taking care of business on an island that may have been present day Tobago Having never read the novel before, I still felt like I knew the story, simply because of all the references to it that exist in various media What is not generally known is the quality and style of writing and the very illuminating before and after chapters, particularly his dangerous travails in seventeenth century France, that had than its share of wild trails and snarling beasts This is also an introspective work, with a loner of than twenty years having plenty of time on his hands to consider social, economic, political, philosophical and theological mysteries A book everyone should read. Many consider this the first English novel It was published in 1719, and the setting was around 1650 But the amazing thing about this novel is that it s timeless Being stranded on a deserted island would be much the same today as it was 350 years ago It s a great tale though, one I grew up with, along with Treasure Island and The Adventures of Tom Sawyer The 18th century writing style is a negative for most kids today I would think. Hoo boy I m surprised and amazed and dismayed by the ex post facto muy contempo correct nosity readings belowshouldn t be, I guess, but am.Gee whillikers, kids, uhm, here s one of the great social and, perhaps even , spiritual documents of Western Civ, and it s a ripping read that declared ongoing archetypes, and it s getting dissed forfor being a bit blind to its own time Which of us won t end up wishing for at least that when our tombstone gets knocked over sides which, how many first novelists can say they wrote the actual first novel Hmmm Spoiler alertRobinson Crusoe was a total douchebag If anyone deserved to get stuck on an island for 28 years, it was this guy His story begins with his dying father pleading with him to stay at home, but the teenage Crusoe won t have it He wants to be a sailor, he swears that he s meant to be a sailor, he totally loves the sea even though he s never been on a boat So, against his family s wishes he runs off to a buddy s ship And guess what He hates it He s sick all the time, the boat is super rocky, there are too many waves then, they crash It s the worst Somehow, he survives Once on land he gets drunk with some of his friends and is all like, maybe I was wrong about the sea, maybe it s actually great So, after a night of binge drinking with the sailors, Crusoe forgets that he hated the sea and vowed never to go to sea again So, like the idiot that he is, he gets on another boat The minute he s on this other boat he s captured by pirates and he s forced to become a slave Once again, asking for it So, after a few years of slavery he escapes on a tiny boat You d think that once you re MADE INTO A SLAVE, you d have some pity for other slaves but NO Not this guy He escapes on this tiny boat with a guy who is now HIS slave and after making HIS slave kill some huge, dangerous lions so Crusoe could have a blanket to lay on what s the slave sleeping on nothing they finally meet some other sailors Crusoe sells his slave to them and ends up in Brazil He starts a farm and is doing pretty well, on land, mind you Of course, old dickish Crusoe forgets how lucky he s been to make it this far, and decides it s time for another voyage Why Because he s a lazy prick and wants some free slaves to run his farm So, he sets off for Africa, and gets what s coming to him If only it ended there After about 24 years on this island he saves this kid, who he names Friday, from being cannibalized This is the first person he has spoken to in 24 years And what does he do with him Makes him into a SLAVE Why Because he can t be bothered with making corn and wheat, because he s too busy being STRANDED ON A DESERTED ISLAND All he has is time What do you need a slave for After a mess of shit, involving cannibals, some Spaniards and some mutineers Crusoe and poor Friday make it to civilization His time off the island is summed up in this paragraph, In the meantime, I in part settled myself here for, first of all, I married, and that not either to my disadvantage or dissatisfaction, and had three children, two sons and one daughter but my wife dying, and my nephew coming home with good success from a voyage to Spain, my inclination to go abroad, and his importunity, prevailed, and engaged me to go in his ship as a private trader to the East Indies this was in the year 1694 Meaning, the dick is back He gets married, has some kids and when the wife starts to die he decides it s time to leave Ring any bells Dad is dying, time to be a sailor Same deal Asshole If all that isn t proof enough this guy was a total douche, he drowns a TON of kittens on HIS island, so many he lost count. This is one of those books that really serves to remind a modern audience of why we should kill whitey Robinson Crusoe is the story of a young man with atrociously bad luck who, unfortunately for any shipmates he ever has, suffers from an extreme case of wanderlust Every ship he gets onto sinks, but he just keeps getting onto them Even after he s got a nice, successful plantation of his own, he decides he s just GOT to get on ANOTHER ship to get this procure himself some slaves It crashes of course, and he gets stranded alone on an island Not to worry, though he s got a bible, and he successfully becomes a religious zealot while alone with nothing better to do It s too bad that his only book couldn t have been a copy of Don Quixote or something because maybe then he d have become a interesting storyteller But no, like so many people who have terrible luck, he turns to god and starts counting his blessings, or less out of a lack of anything better to do Then, after he s been alone for 24 years, he sees a footprint in the sand, and he totally freaks, and he becomes convinced it must belong to the devil Ummm, ok So I m sitting there thinking, Maybe it s your own footprint But it takes this genius a whole day of scaring himself before he comes up with that explanation Anyway, it turns out not to be his footprint at all, it actually belongs to the savages Carribean Indians who apparently visit the island sometimes in order to cook and eat their prisoners, which, for the record, was not actually a common practice among Indians in the Americas And here s the part where you really hate white people He then saves one of the prisoners from being eaten and makes him into his slave, who he renames Friday, teaches English, and converts to Christianity Friday, instead of kicking this pompous jerk s posterior from here to next Friday after repaying whatever debt he owed Robinson for saving his life, is a faithful slave in every way for the remainder of the book Friday speaks in a pidgin English, which is probably realistic enough for a man who learned English late in life from one solitary individual, but Robinson has an offensive habit of translating easy enough to understand things that Friday says to us, the idiot readers At which he smiled, and said Yes, yes, we always fight the better that is, he meant always get the better in fight Also, during Friday s religious education, he asks Robinson why god doesn t just kill the devil and end evil, and because there is actually no good answer to such a question for a religious person, Robinson simply pretends not to hear him and wanders away What a jack ss Luckily, Robinson Crusoe s religious conversion doesn t last forever As soon as he s back in civilization and making money hand over fist, he pretty much gives it up Speaking of which, what was with the end of this book He gets rescued, he goes home, but there s no emotional payoff, and instead he goes on about his European adventures with Friday We don t care about the wolves and dancing bear We want to know, did you learn anything from your years away Do you feel like you missed out Was anyone happy to see you Did they have a funeral for you while you were missing What did your mother do when she saw you again Robinson Crusoe is a man without any of the human characteristics that make people interesting to read about when they get into difficult situations He has no regrets, no personal longings, and he never reflects on his life before he was on the island during his decades on the island I understand that this is just an adventure novel but people actually still read this tripe and consider it a classic Who Has Not Dreamed Of Life On An Exotic Isle, Far Away From Civilization Here Is The Novel Which Has Inspired Countless Imitations By Lesser Writers, None Of Which Equal The Power And Originality Of Defoe S Famous Book Robinson Crusoe, Set Ashore On An Island After A Terrible Storm At Sea, Is Forced To Make Do With Only A Knife, Some Tobacco, And A Pipe He Learns How To Build A Canoe, Make Bread, And Endure Endless Solitude That Is, Until, Twenty Four Years Later, When He Confronts Another Human Being First Published In , Robinson Crusoe Has Been Praised By Such Writers As James Joyce, Virginia Woolf, And Samuel Johnson As One Of The Greatest Novels In The English Language Daniel Defoe Trained For The Ministry, Became A Political Journalist, And Finally, To Many, Became The Father Of The English Novel He Is Also The Author Of Moll Flanders Edition Notes Text Slightly Abridged And Styled For The Modern Reader By The Editors Of Washington Square Press, IncIntroduction By Douglas Knight

Daniel Defoe 1659 1661 1731 was an English writer, journalist, and spy, who gained enduring fame for his novel Robinson Crusoe Defoe is notable for being one of the earliest practitioners of the novel and helped popularize the genre in Britain In some texts he is even referred to as one of the founders, if not the founder, of the English novel A prolific and versatile writer, he wrote

[Ebook] ➡ The Life and Strange Surprizing Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, Of York, Mariner: Who lived Eight and Twenty Years, all alone in an un-inhabited Island on the Coast of America, near the Mouth of the Great River of Oroonoque; Having been cast on Shore by Sh Author Daniel Defoe –
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  • The Life and Strange Surprizing Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, Of York, Mariner: Who lived Eight and Twenty Years, all alone in an un-inhabited Island on the Coast of America, near the Mouth of the Great River of Oroonoque; Having been cast on Shore by Sh
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